Zuid-Soedan werd recent opgeschrikt door een mislukte staatsgreep. Dit leidde tot gevechten in Juba en in Bor, in de Jonglei provincie. Secretaris-generaal Ban Ki-moon van de Verenigde Naties heeft ondertussen laten weten dat hij extra VN-troepen wil inzetten in het conflictgebied om te vermijden dat het geweld verder escaleert en uitmondt in een burgeroorlog.
David Wani, landenverantwoordelijke in Juba voor Dierenartsen Zonder Grenzen, houdt ons op de hoogte van de veiligheidssituatie in Zuid-Soedan.
"As I write this e-mail, Juba is now peaceful. But Jonglei (Bor, Akobo) and Unity states continue to see a fight between Nuer and Dinka tribes. Our VSF Belgium work in South Sudan is not directly affected since these clashes coincide with the Christmas leave of all staff. But if this conflict continues, our activities in Akobo county of Jonglei state under the Common Humanitarian Fund will be affected, while other areas will be safe unless the situation changes within these days.
The conflict began on Sunday 15th December 2013, when the SPLM (Sudan People Liberation Movement) political party was conducting its Political Bureau meeting in Juba. A group of senior party members led by former vice president Riek Machar, who was removed from the government by president Salva Kiir early in July 2012, decided to stage a coup d'état to overthrow the South Sudan president. The coup attempt failed, but it led to division within the army between the supporters of the president (Dinka) and the ones of former vice president (Nuer), leading to clashes in Juba between the two big South Sudanese tribes of Nuer and Dinka.
After the fight in Juba, some of the senior party members who participated in the failed coup were arrested. The former vice president escaped and ran to Bor town where a senior army commander of the same Nuer tribe rebelled against the government and received the former vice president."